Is There a Correlation between Severity of Melasma and Quality of Life?

Authors

  • Nelva Karmila Jusuf Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Imam Budi Putra Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Mahdalena Mahdalena Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.407

Keywords:

melasma, MASI score, MelasQoL, quality of life

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Melasma is a common chronic acquired hyper melanosis. It has significant impacts on appearance, psychosocial and emotional distress, hence reducing the quality of life of the affected patients. Melasma quality of life scale (MelasQoL) is a new quality of life (QoL) questionnaire consists of 10 questions, scored from 1 to 7, with higher index scores indicating poor QoL. The severity of melasma can be assessed by the Melasma Area and Severity Index (MASI) score.

AIM:  We aimed to determine the correlation between the severity of melasma (MASI score) and quality of life.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analytic study involving 30 subjects with melasma. The diagnosis was made based on history, clinical features and by Wood’s lamp examination. MASI score was determined to assess the severity of melasma. Subjects answered 10 items of MelasQol questionnaire. All collected data were processed and statistically analysed by Spearman correlation test to determine the association of MASI score with MelasQoL. Association of quality of life with clinical pattern and depth of lesion were analysed by Mann Whitney test.

RESULTS: There was no significant correlation between MASI score and MelasQoL (p = 0.797; r = 0.049). Likewise, there was no association of quality of life with clinical pattern type (p = 0.12) and depth of lesion (p = 0.92).

CONCLUSION: There was no significant correlation between the MASI score and quality of life.

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Published

2019-08-25

How to Cite

1.
Jusuf NK, Putra IB, Mahdalena M. Is There a Correlation between Severity of Melasma and Quality of Life?. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019 Aug. 25 [cited 2021 Jun. 25];7(16):2615-8. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.407

Issue

Section

Neuroscience, Neurology, and Psychiatry

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