Is There a Correlation between Severity of Melasma and Quality of Life?
Keywords:melasma, MASI score, MelasQoL, quality of life
BACKGROUND: Melasma is a common chronic acquired hyper melanosis. It has significant impacts on appearance, psychosocial and emotional distress, hence reducing the quality of life of the affected patients. Melasma quality of life scale (MelasQoL) is a new quality of life (QoL) questionnaire consists of 10 questions, scored from 1 to 7, with higher index scores indicating poor QoL. The severity of melasma can be assessed by the Melasma Area and Severity Index (MASI) score.
AIM: We aimed to determine the correlation between the severity of melasma (MASI score) and quality of life.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analytic study involving 30 subjects with melasma. The diagnosis was made based on history, clinical features and by Woodâ€™s lamp examination. MASI score was determined to assess the severity of melasma. Subjects answered 10 items of MelasQol questionnaire. All collected data were processed and statistically analysed by Spearman correlation test to determine the association of MASI score with MelasQoL. Association of quality of life with clinical pattern and depth of lesion were analysed by Mann Whitney test.
RESULTS: There was no significant correlation between MASI score and MelasQoL (p = 0.797; r = 0.049). Likewise, there was no association of quality of life with clinical pattern type (p = 0.12) and depth of lesion (p = 0.92).
CONCLUSION: There was no significant correlation between the MASI score and quality of life.
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Copyright (c) 2019 Nelva Karmila Jusuf, Imam Budi Putra, Mahdalena Mahdalena (Author)
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