Clinical Relevance of Transforming Growth Factor-β1, Interleukin-6 and Haptoglobin for Prediction of Obesity Complications in Prepubertal Egyptian Children


  • Inas R. El-Alameey National Research Centre, Child Health Department, Dokki, Cairo
  • Nevein N. Fadl National Research Centre, Medical Physiology Department, Dokki, Cairo
  • Enas R. Abdel Hameed National Research Centre, Child Health Department, Dokki, Cairo
  • Lobna S. Sherif National Research Centre, Hormones Department, Dokki, Cairo
  • Hanaa H. Ahmed National Research Centre, Child Health Department, Dokki, Cairo



Obesity Complications, Egyptian Children, Prepubertal, prediction, transforming growth factor-β1, interleukin-6, haptoglobin, clinical relevance


BACKGROUND: The rate of obesity is increasing throughout the world. Obesity in adults’ research is characterized by chronic inflammation, associated with type 2 Diabetes and cardiovascular risk. The degree to which these changes occur in childhood obesity is not fully defined.

AIM: This study was designed to explore the relation between circulating levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and obesity.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross sectional case control study was carried out in 50 randomly selected pre-pubertal overweight and obese children compared with fifty apparently healthy children of matched age and sex. Serum levels of transforming growth factor-β1, interleukin-6, and haptoglobin were quantified by ELISA technique.

RESULTS: ANOVA test followed by Post Hoc test showed highly significant increase in the serum levels of the transforming growth factor-β1, interleukin-6 and haptoglobin among obese children compared to overweight and healthy children respectively. The body weight, BMI and BMI z-score were significantly positively correlated with serum levels of the three pro-inflammatory cytokines. Serum levels of interleukin-6, and haptoglobin were found to be strong predictors of complications in severe obesity by linear regression analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: Obesity is associated with chronic low-grade inflammation. High levels of interleukin-6 and haptoglobin are considered to be early biomarkers of inflammation associated with severe obesity with subsequent cardiovascular and type 2 diabetes risk.


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How to Cite

El-Alameey IR, Fadl NN, Abdel Hameed ER, Sherif LS, Ahmed HH. Clinical Relevance of Transforming Growth Factor-β1, Interleukin-6 and Haptoglobin for Prediction of Obesity Complications in Prepubertal Egyptian Children. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2015 Jan. 22 [cited 2024 May 26];3(1):105-10. Available from:



B - Clinical Sciences

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