Cigarette Smoking and Hyperglycaemia in Diabetic Patients

Authors

  • Mutiara Indah Sari Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas of Sumatera Utara, Medan
  • Nisrina Sari Medical Education Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Sumatera Utara Universitas, Medan
  • Dewi Masyithah Darlan Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sumateras Utara, Medan
  • Raka Jati Prasetya Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sumateras Utara, Medan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2018.140

Keywords:

cigarette smoking, diabetes mellitus, blood glucose, HbA1c

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The incidence rate of diabetes mellitus has increased throughout the year. Various studies indicate that smoking may affect glucose metabolism and cause hyperglycemia in diabetes mellitus. This study aimed to compare the blood glucose and HbA1c level in diabetic smoking patients and non-smoking diabetic patients.

METHODS: This study used the cross-sectional approach. The study population consisted of 30 diabetic smoking patients and 30 non-smoking diabetic patients. The diabetes history and the smoking status of the study population obtained by questionnaire-based interview, the blood glucose and HbA1c level were measured by hexokinase and immunoturbidimetry method using cobas 6000 analyser module c501  (Roche Diagnostics, Switzerland).

RESULTS: The result in this study showed the fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, and HbA1c were higher by 23.64 mg/dl (p = 0.325), 58.00 mg/dl (p = 0.016), 0.39% (p = 0.412) in smoking diabetic patients compared to non-smoking diabetic patients. After statistical analysis, there was a significant difference (p < 0.05) of postprandial glucose level between smokers group and non-smokers group, but the non-significant difference of fasting blood glucose and HbA1c

CONCLUSIONS: This study concluded that there was a significant difference in postprandial glucose level between smokers group and non-smokers group but the non-significant difference of fasting blood glucose and HbA1c.

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Published

2018-04-08

How to Cite

1.
Sari MI, Sari N, Darlan DM, Prasetya RJ. Cigarette Smoking and Hyperglycaemia in Diabetic Patients. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2018 Apr. 8 [cited 2023 Feb. 4];6(4):634-7. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2018.140

Issue

Section

B - Clinical Sciences

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