The Comparison of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Anxiety Scores between Female Caregivers of People with Schizophrenia According to Gender Difference

Authors

  • Andrew Handi Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Dapot Parulian Gultom Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Surya Husada Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Bahagia Loebis Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Elmeida Effendy Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Mustafa Mahmud Amin Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Vita Camellia Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Nazli Mahdinasari Nasution Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.472

Keywords:

caregiver, schizophrenia, HADS-A

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Caregiver plays an important role for a better outcome in people with schizophrenia, although it usually causes emotional distress for the caregiver. Anxiety is one of the emotional distress. Gender of schizophrenic patients is associated with the emotional distress of caregiver. The differences in HADS-A scores between female caregivers of people with schizophrenia according to gender in Indonesia remain unclear.

AIM: To determine whether HADS-A scores are higher in a male group compare with the female group.

METHODS: This study was an analytical study with a cross-sectional approach to determine the comparison of HADS-A score between 27 female caregivers of male schizophrenic patients (male group) and 27 female caregivers of female schizophrenic patients (female group) in Prof. Dr M. Ildrem Mental Hospital Medan, using a HADS rating scale.

RESULTS: There is no difference between the male and female group in caregivers: age, marital status, employment status, family income/month, education time, the relationship with people with schizophrenia, caring time, time spent / weeks, and the patients age, employment status, education time, PANSS score and number of relapses. The comparison between total HADS-A score between the male group and the female group is not significant with 9.52 ± 4.90 v 8.70 ± 4.49 (p = 0.53).

CONCLUSION: HADS-A scores are not higher in caregivers of male with schizophrenia compared with caregivers of a female with schizophrenia.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Plum Analytics Artifact Widget Block

Published

2019-08-25

How to Cite

1.
Handi A, Gultom DP, Husada MS, Loebis B, Effendy E, Amin MM, Camellia V, Nasution NM. The Comparison of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Anxiety Scores between Female Caregivers of People with Schizophrenia According to Gender Difference. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019 Aug. 25 [cited 2024 Apr. 21];7(16):2630-3. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.472

Issue

Section

Neuroscience, Neurology, and Psychiatry

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 > >>