Oxidative Stress and Anti-Oxidant Markers in Premature Infants with Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Authors

  • Enas R. Abdel Hamid Child Health Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
  • Walaa H. Ali Child Health Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
  • Ashraf Azmy Child Health Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
  • Hanaa H. Ahmed Hormones Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
  • Lobna S. Sherif Child Health Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
  • Maysa T. Saleh Child Health Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.534

Keywords:

Oxidative stress, Newborn, Respiratory distress disorder, Antioxidant enzymes

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) caused by decreased surfactant and structural lung immaturity. The imbalance between oxidative status and antioxidant defence system was suggested to be an important trigger for lung affection with RDS.

AIM: The goal of the current research was to elucidate the significance of the oxidant/ antioxidant status in the pathogenesis of RDS in preterm infants.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This controlled study included 31 preterm neonates with RDS and 36 healthy preterm neonates. Quantification level of oxidative stress biomarkers; malondialdehyde (MDA) & hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) along with antioxidant enzymes activity; catalase (CAT) & superoxide dismutase (SOD) in plasma of healthy premature neonates compared with those with RDS.

RESULTS: status of oxidative stress markers (MDA & H2O2) showed a significant increase with decreased levels of antioxidant enzymes activity (CAT & SOD) in neonates with RDS when compared to healthy prematures.

CONCLUSION: The results obtained in this study indicate that the increased oxidative stress accompanied by reduced antioxidant defences may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of respiratory distress in preterm newborns.

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Published

2019-08-30

How to Cite

1.
Abdel Hamid ER, Ali WH, Azmy A, Ahmed HH, Sherif LS, Saleh MT. Oxidative Stress and Anti-Oxidant Markers in Premature Infants with Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019 Aug. 30 [cited 2024 May 26];7(17):2858-63. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.534

Issue

Section

B - Clinical Sciences

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