Inter - Relationship of Awareness, Knowledge, Attitude, Some Socio-Economic Variables and Osteoporosis in Sample of Egyptian Women
Keywords:Osteoporosis, Awareness, Calcium, Vitamin D, Socio-economic status, Women
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a global health problem, and its prevalence is rapidly increasing worldwide.
AIM: The aim was to assess the awareness concerning some nutritional and socio-economic variables causes the disease in a sample of Egyptian women.
METHODS: This study was done among 116 female volunteers. They were divided into two groups, pre and post-menopausal, with a mean age of 42.05 Â± 8.25 & 51.13 Â± 5.82 years and mean body mass index (BMI) of 30.83 Â± 8.18 & 34.24 Â± 8.80 kg/m2. A standardised questionnaire, socioeconomic and food frequency chart were used to assess osteoporosis and food intake awareness. Bone mineral density was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Statistical analyses were done using simple percentage and Chi-square test.
RESULTS: Data revealed that a low percentage of pre and post-menopausal women were aware of osteoporosis and fracture (16.67% & 12.96% and 30.65% & 19.35%). They had incomplete knowledge about the sources and the beneficial effects of consumption of calcium and vitamin D rich diet. Non-osteoporotic women showed more awareness. Odds ratio predict occupations and educations levels as risk factors for osteoporosis.
CONCLUSION: Awareness about osteoporosis and consumption healthy diet were low among Egyptian women, so it is important to implement special osteoporosis prevention program.
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Copyright (c) 2019 Nayera E. Hassan, Salwa M. El Shebini, Sahar A. El-Masry, Nihad H. Ahmed, Safenaz Y. El Sherity, Enas R. Abd el Hamed, Heba T. Aboud (Author)
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