Inter - Relationship of Awareness, Knowledge, Attitude, Some Socio-Economic Variables and Osteoporosis in Sample of Egyptian Women

Authors

  • Nayera E. Hassan Biological Anthropology Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt
  • Salwa M. El Shebini Nutrition and Food Science Department, Food Industries and Nutrition Division, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt
  • Sahar A. El-Masry Biological Anthropology Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt
  • Nihad H. Ahmed Nutrition and Food Science Department, Food Industries and Nutrition Division, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt
  • Safenaz Y. El Sherity Biological Anthropology Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt
  • Enas R. Abd el Hamed Child Health Department, Head of Feto-maternal Clinic, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt (Affiliation ID 60014618)
  • Heba T. Aboud Biological Anthropology Department, Medical Research Division, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.707

Keywords:

Osteoporosis, Awareness, Calcium, Vitamin D, Socio-economic status, Women

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a global health problem, and its prevalence is rapidly increasing worldwide.

AIM: The aim was to assess the awareness concerning some nutritional and socio-economic variables causes the disease in a sample of Egyptian women.

METHODS: This study was done among 116 female volunteers. They were divided into two groups, pre and post-menopausal, with a mean age of 42.05 ± 8.25 & 51.13 ± 5.82 years and mean body mass index (BMI) of 30.83 ± 8.18 & 34.24 ± 8.80 kg/m2. A standardised questionnaire, socioeconomic and food frequency chart were used to assess osteoporosis and food intake awareness. Bone mineral density was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Statistical analyses were done using simple percentage and Chi-square test.

RESULTS: Data revealed that a low percentage of pre and post-menopausal women were aware of osteoporosis and fracture (16.67% & 12.96% and 30.65% & 19.35%). They had incomplete knowledge about the sources and the beneficial effects of consumption of calcium and vitamin D rich diet. Non-osteoporotic women showed more awareness. Odds ratio predict occupations and educations levels as risk factors for osteoporosis.

CONCLUSION: Awareness about osteoporosis and consumption healthy diet were low among Egyptian women, so it is important to implement special osteoporosis prevention program.

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Published

2019-08-13

How to Cite

1.
Hassan NE, El Shebini SM, El-Masry SA, Ahmed NH, El Sherity SY, Abd el Hamed ER, Aboud HT. Inter - Relationship of Awareness, Knowledge, Attitude, Some Socio-Economic Variables and Osteoporosis in Sample of Egyptian Women. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019 Aug. 13 [cited 2022 Jul. 1];7(15):2538-44. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.707

Issue

Section

E - Public Health

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