The Effectivity of Ethanolic Extract from Papaya Leaves (Carica papaya L.) as an Alternative Larvacide to Aedes spp

Authors

  • Rizky Ilham Department of Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara: Jl. Dr Mansur. No. 5 Medan, Indonesia; Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara, Jl. STM. No. 24 Medan, Indonesia
  • Aznan Lelo Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara: Jl. Dr Mansur. No. 5 Medan, Indonesia
  • Urip Harahap Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Tri Widyawati Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara: Jl. Dr Mansur. No. 5 Medan, Indonesia
  • Lambok Siahaan Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.432

Keywords:

Aedes spp., Carica papaya L, Dengue, Larvacide

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a disease found in most tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including Indonesia. One of the problems of vector control programs is insecticides resistance to Aedes spp.

AIM: The objective of this study is to determine the effectiveness of an alternative larvacide using papaya leaves (Carica papaya L).

METHODS: To obtain an ethanolic extract of C. papaya leaf (EECP), the dried of C. papaya leaf was macerated with ethanol 70%. Phytochemical compounds were screened qualitatively. Twenty-five larvae were entered into each cup that had been mixed with five concentrations of EECP i.e., EECPI (100-), EECPII (150-), EECPIII (200-), EECPIV (250), EECPV (300 ppm), 1% of Temephos (T), and water (A). Alkaloid carpain, saponin, flavonoid, tannin, glycosides and triterpenoid/steroid were traced in EECP. The mortality of larvae at 180, 360, 1440 and 2880 minutes were observed. The lethal concentration (LC50) and lethal time (LT50) were measured. Probit analysis was used to determine the concentration of killing larvae.

RESULTS: The mortality of larvae was found at 360 minutes only in EECPV. Then after 1440 minutes, all extracts shown the increasing of larvae mortality. LC50 and LT50 values were 215,96 ppm and 2,369 minutes of each.

CONCLUSION: EECP has larvicidal activity to Aedes spp.

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Published

2019-10-14

How to Cite

1.
Rizky Ilham, Lelo A, Harahap U, Widyawati T, Siahaan L. The Effectivity of Ethanolic Extract from Papaya Leaves (Carica papaya L.) as an Alternative Larvacide to Aedes spp. Open Access Maced J Med Sci [Internet]. 2019 Oct. 14 [cited 2024 Apr. 20];7(20):3395-9. Available from: https://oamjms.eu/index.php/mjms/article/view/oamjms.2019.432

Issue

Section

Tropical and Infectious Diseases Control and Management

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